As per the latest statistics, Golaghat has the third highest number of small tea growers (STGs) and third highest number of bought leaf factories (BLFs) in Assam.The name Golaghat ('Gola' which means shop and 'Ghat' meaning the landing point of river ferry or enclosure for boats) originated from the shops established by the 'Marwari' businessmen during the mid-20th century at the bank of river Dhansiri near present Golaghat.Stone inscription of Nagajari Khanikar gaon of Sarupathar, dating back to the 5th century, reveals that there was an independent kingdom in Doyang – Dhansiri valley and relics of ramparts, brick structures, temples, tanks etc.discovered in these area confirms the presence of a kingdom during 9th and 10th century.Borgohain’s reaction to the charges were not immediately available.
It has the oldest social – literature/rhetorical congresses of Assam – the Golaghat Sahitya Sabha, of Asam Sahitya Sabha, started in 1918.Even as the sexual assault case against well known editor Tarun Tejpal continued to grab headlines across the national media, a woman journalist in Assam has written to the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) alleging sexual abuse by a veteran journalist of the state dating back a decade.In a letter to the NHRC dated Nov 22, Sabita Lahkar, a Guwahati-based journalist, stated that after looking at the Tejpal case, she, ‘in utter dismay’, wanted to state that she had “similar experience of abuses by a senior editor of Assam in 2003 and I had publicly demanded actions against Homen Borgohain, editor of Amar Asom, a popular Assamese daily newspaper published from GL Publications, Guwahati”.“However, the most amazing part was the fact that the same committee had never called the accused (Homen Borgohain)! “The police did not investigate the case properly and even they did not dare to call Homen Borgohain for interrogation.” Concluding, Lahkar stated that she had waited for justice for 10 years “and do not know how many years I have to wait for the same”.Lahkar has subsequently appeared on local television to repeat her charges against Borgohain who is a well known figure in Assamese media and literary circles and a leading public intellectual.Golaghat became the largest subdivision in Assam and comprised Dergaon and Golaghat circles. Golaghat boasts of having one of the earliest post/mail service and telegraphic communication systems.Golaghat circle was the largest among them and with only 150.10 sq. During this time, Purandar Singha continued to rule with Jorhat as the capital of his territory, Upper Assam, but with the formation of two other subdivisions, one at Jaipur and the other at Golaghat. The earliest head post offices of the Assam Circle of British Assam were located in Golaghat besides Debrughur, Gouhati, Jorhat, Nowgaon, Sibsagar, Shillong and Tezpore (spellings as appear in the book – Glimpse of Assam).“I was then working as Chief Sub-Editor with Amar Asom and for three years and I had to face repeated sexual and professional harassment from the said editor.I also organised a formal press conference in Guwahati Press Club on 10th September 2003, where I raised my demand for justice.During Ahom rule this area was under 'Morongi – Khowa Gohain', an administrative officer.During the declining days of Ahoms, when their independent sovereignty had come to an end, Purandar Singha was entrusted in 1833 with the administration of Upper – Assam by the East India Company who had already won mastery over Assam.