The state has a maritime border with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the northwest.
The southern part of the state is in the Atlantic Coastal Plain and includes Long Island and several smaller associated islands, as well as New York City and the lower Hudson River Valley.
Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes Region and borders Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, and Niagara Falls.
The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes, a popular vacation and tourist destination.
As the Iroquois sided with the British during the Revolution, they soon after migrated to Canada. Also, in 1778, the United States relocated the Nanticoke from the Delmarva Peninsula to the former Iroquois lands south of Lake Ontario, though they did not stay long.
Mostly, they chose to migrate into Canada and merge with the Iroquois, although some moved west and merged with the Lenape.
To differentiate from its city with the same name, it is sometimes called New York State.
The state's most populous city, New York City, makes up over 40% of the state's population.
The most devastating event of the century, however, was the Beaver Wars.
The large Upstate New York region comprises several ranges of the wider Appalachian Mountains, and the Adirondack Mountains in the Northeastern lobe of the state.
Two major river valleys – the north-south Hudson River Valley and the east-west Mohawk River Valley – bisect these more mountainous regions.
Then, after the Revolution, a large group of them split off and returned to Ohio, becoming known as the Mingo Seneca.
The current six tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy are the Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Tuscarora and Mohawk. drafted the Indian Removal Act, the Lenape were further moved to Missouri, whereas their cousins, the Mohicans, were sent to Wisconsin.